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The father of all the web. We just couldn’t imagine the web today without HTML. It was HTML that made the Internet (World Wide Web) what it is today.

HyperText Markup Language or HTML in short is a markup language that gets interpreted by the web browser and then displayed on our screens. It started as ENQUIRE at CERN used by scientists and researchers to share their documents. In 1991 HTML Tags appeared. It was a simple system with 18 tags. First standard came with HTML 2.0 in 1995 and became a standard used by all web browser. Today HTML5 is becoming the version of choice but many sites still run HTML4 and/or XHTML.

HTML Tags and Examples

<h1>Header</h1> <h2>Sub-Header</h2>

In the above example we can see tags for most important heading (h1) and second most important heading (h2).

Basic web site :

<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <body> <h1>First Heading</h1> <p>Lorem ipsum paragraph</p> </body> </html>

As you can see we added h1 - heading and p - paragraph tags. The code above will get interpreted by web browsers and

First Heading

Lorem ipsum paragraph

will show on our screen. Usually on white background and black font colour if we didn’t change any browser preferences or added any .css stylesheet.

HTML is very simple to learn. This is not a programming language like C or Python. It is markup language which means we just describe how certain elements are showed on a web page.